Toxicell: Mycotoxin Solution in Fish Feed
By: Ahmad Yazid Latif | Aquaculturist at Aquacell Indo Pacific (Ahmad.firstname.lastname@example.org)
Very toxic to the liver and kidneys, leaves residue, inhibits protein and fat synthesis, causes reproductive tract disorders, causes jaundice (in tilapia), impairs growth, and causes death. Those are some of the bad effects caused by mycotoxins. In addition, mycotoxins, especially aflatoxins, are carcinogens. These carcinogens occur when epoxide derivatives enter the nucleus and bind to genetic material.
Mycotoxin itself is a compound produced by secondary metabolites from the fungal group. The most common types of mycotoxins are Aflatoxin, Ochratoxin A, Fumonisin, Zearalenone, and Deoxynivalenol. While the fungi that produce mycotoxins include the types of Aspergillus, Fusarium, and Penicilium.
These fungi grow a lot on agricultural products. Although most fungi grow in humid areas, there are several types of fungi such as Aspergillus and Fusarium that are able to grow on substrates with minimal water content.
Aquaculture can be Exposed to Mycotoxins
Fish feed is composed of various kinds of raw materials including raw materials derived from plants such as Corn Gluten Meal, Soybean Meal, Bran, Bran, and DDGS. These materials are susceptible to growth by fungi that produce mycotoxins.
Fish feed is produced using high temperature and pressure but has a high potential for mycotoxin contamination when feed is in storage. For the Southeast Asia region, the mycotoxin content in fish feed is as follows.
As previously mentioned, several types of fungi such as Aspergillus and Fusarium can grow on substrates with minimal water content such as when feed is stored in storage. Feed containing mycotoxins not only inhibits the growth of cultivated fish, but can also be the start of various diseases that lead to death.
At a concentration of 500 – 5,000 ppb mycotoxin (Aflatoxin type) can cause the death of both fish and shrimp culture organisms. Even at a concentration of 20 ppb it can cause tumors in fish if exposed in the long term, whereas in shrimp it is 50 ppb. Below that level, it can still be tolerated by cultivated organisms.
Reducing the Negative Effects of Mycotoxins
To deal with mycotoxins that already exist in raw materials, you can use Toxicell, which is a toxin binder in the form of bentonite. Toxin binders are feed additives capable of binding to mycotoxins in feed, thereby reducing the negative effects caused by mycotoxins. Meanwhile, bentonite itself is known for its ability to overcome mycotoxins.
Bentonite is able to overcome mycotoxins by blocking the intestinal surface of fish interacting with mycotoxins. Furthermore, bentonite will absorb and lock mycotoxins in the pores. The trapped mycotoxin is then excreted together with the feces.
Research shows that the addition of 2% Toxicell component can reduce aflatoxin levels in the liver and kidneys by up to 80%. This figure shows the effectiveness of Toxicell in overcoming the mycotoxin problems that are commonly found in cultivated fish feed.
PT Nutricell Pacific together with PT Aquacell Indo Pasifik as providers of innovative and productive aquaculture solutions. In collaboration with various world-renowned companies, Nutricell has access to global nutrition and aquaculture research and development.
Nutricell is committed to delivering quality and sustainable products, meaning that the products that Nutricell provide can meet consumer expectations. Toxicell products are trusted products because they are produced using the highest quality control group based on the sustainable HACCP principles, which means that Aquacell is responsible for the sustainability of business, the environment and people. Toxicell is registered with the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries with No. RI KKP NO. D 1910432 PBS.